Weight loss and dieting are not identical terms. A diet which reduces the total caloric content to a level which causes weight loss, also known as a “dieter’s diet”. Normal metabolic rate must always be maintained, and adequate protein, mineral, vitamins, and fluid needs must always be met. If the total caloric dietary intake is less that the calories expended in activity then weight will generally be lost.
Sometimes an accidental or complete loss of nutrition is experienced and this is commonly called ” malnutrition” or “unintentional weight loss”. Malnutrition can result from severe hypoglycemia, a poor diet, dehydration, drug side effects, malabsorption, diarrhea or constipation, or ingestion of toxic materials. An accidental or complete loss of nutrition can sometimes also be the result of vigorous exercise, excessive consumption of laxatives, vomiting, or diarrhea, some medicines, or ingestion of toxins through breathing.
There is no direct correlation between dieting, proper nutrition, exercise and intentional weight loss or maintaining weight. Proper nutrition and exercise are important to achieve and maintain good health and well-being. They should be used in addition to and not instead of dieting and/or exercising. Weight loss and dieting which are done in isolation without exercise or using nutritional guidelines for proper dieting, are very different from proper exercise and healthy lifestyle goals.
As with all weight loss and dieting programs, it is essential to consult your doctor before starting any new diet and before beginning bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery is not appropriate for everyone and must be a long-term commitment. Following a well-balanced, low calorie, low fat, high fiber diet is a critical part of any successful weight loss and dieting program. Proper exercise combined with a healthy lifestyle and quality nutrition is the best way to lose excess weight.
Lifestyle changes for weight loss and dieting are necessary, but must be supported by an appropriate diet and exercise plan. Weight loss and dieting programs often times do not work effectively if they are not utilized in combination with dietary changes and increased activity. Weight loss surgery is intended for those whose body mass index ( BMI ) is 40 or more or who have had their diagnosis of diabetes, metabolic disorder or sleep apnea and for whom alternative methods of achieving and maintaining a healthy weight cannot be applied. Bariatric surgery is an option only after all other options have been exhausted, such as diet and exercise, or if the patient would prefer to lose the weight gradually. Bariatric surgery is done under general anesthetic and patients are expected to follow a specific diet for the rest of their life.
Obesity is a serious medical condition that must be treated in a professional and compassionate way. The primary goal of treating obesity is to ensure that all patients achieve and maintain a healthy and normal weight. Weight loss surgery is one of the most effective ways of treating obesity. Both diet and physical activity should be part of any comprehensive weight loss plan.